North American B-25H “Mitchell”

North American B-25H “Mitchell” at the New England Air Museum

Specifications

Type:   
Crew:   5 (one pilot, navigator/bombardier, turret gunner/engineer, radio operator/waist gunner, tail gunner)
Capacity:   
Armament:   12-18 .5” machine guns; racks for eight 5” rockets; 3,000 lbs. of ordinance
Length:   51'
Height:   15' 9”
Wingspan:   67' 7”
Rotor Diameter:   
Empty Weight:   19.600 lbs.
Gross Weight:   33,500 lbs.
Cruise Speed:   248 mph
Maximum Speed:   275 mph
Range:   1,350 mi.
Service Ceiling:   24,800
Powerplant:   2 X Wright R-2600-13 turbo-supercharged radial
Year:   1943
Serial No.:   43-4999
Registration:   N3970C
Location:   Military Hangar
 

The North American B-25 was one of the most outstanding bombers used during World War II. The “Mitchell” served on every front, with the U.S. Army Air Force, U.S. Navy and the Air Forces of many major powers, including England, France, China and the Soviet Union (Lend Lease)

It is perhaps the most famous as the aircraft used by Jimmy Doolittle for the first raid over Tokyo. During the war it was used as a low and medium level bomber, anti-submarine patrol plane, and staff transport.

The “H” model has the distinction of being the most heavily armed aircraft used by the allies in WWII. It had a 75mm cannon in the nose, eight forward firing .50 caliber machine guns, and six other .50 caliber machine guns in the dorsal, waist and tail turrets.

One controverial change in the H model was the deletion of the co-pilot position, with the navigator taking that seat. General Dolittle had questioned the need for a co-pilot. Objections were made for the need for a second pilot for long missions but the commander of the 5th Air Force in the Pacific, but these objections were overruled.

Nearly 10,000 Mitchells were built between 1940 and 1945. The last B-25 in U.S. Air Force service was retired in 1960.

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