|Type:||9-cylinder, single-row, rotary, piston|
|Displacement:||782 cu. in|
|Power Output:||115 hp @ 1,300 rpm|
|Location:||Connector between the Military and Civil Hangars|
Courtesy of the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry
The French Gnome engine company was the first to produce rotary engines for aviation beginning in 1908. In 1913, previous two-value cylinders were redesigned to have only one-value (monosoupape) to simply the design and improve durability. A British aircraft designer declared it “one of the greatest single advances in aviation.” Built under license in Britain, the B-2 was used extensively in a number of World War I aircraft.
License manufactured in the United States by the Aeronautical Engine Corporation of Long Island, New York, the B-2 powered the Thomas Morse S-4 and Standard E-1 advanced trainers.
In addition to the above mentioned, other aircraft to use the Gnome B-2 included:
Please contact Nick Hurley, Museum Curator, by phone at 860-623-3305 X318, or by email if you have any information or comments on the Gnome B-2 'Monosoupape'.